There are several high risk factors that increase the chances of developing laryngeal cancer. Excessive smoking and heavy alcohol use are believed to be the leading causes of laryngeal cancer. Unhealthy diets that include excessive amounts of red meat, processed or fried foods are believed to be risk factors.
Exposure to toxic chemicals or substances such as asbestos, coal or wood dust, paint fumes, diesel fumes, sulphuric acid, isopropyl alcohol or formaldehyde are known risk factors.
Family history of head and neck cancers can increase the likelihood of developing laryngeal cancer. Additionally, exposure to the Human Papilloma Virus can lead to cancers of the throat.