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Condition

Lymphangitis

Symptoms, Doctors, Treatments, Research & More

Condition 101

What is the definition of Lymphangitis?

Lymphangitis is an infection of the lymph vessels (channels). It is a complication of some bacterial infections.

What are the alternative names for Lymphangitis?

Inflamed lymph vessels; Inflammation - lymph vessels; Infected lymph vessels; Infection - lymph vessels

What are the causes for Lymphangitis?

The lymph system is a network of lymph nodes, lymph ducts, lymph vessels, and organs that produce and move a fluid called lymph from tissues to the bloodstream.

Lymphangitis most often results from an acute streptococcal infection of the skin. Less often, it is caused by a staphylococcal infection. The infection causes the lymph vessels to become inflamed.

Lymphangitis may be a sign that a skin infection is getting worse. The bacteria can spread into the blood and cause life-threatening problems.

What are the symptoms for Lymphangitis?

Symptoms may include:

  • Fever and chills
  • Enlarged and tender lymph nodes (glands) -- usually in the elbow, armpit, or groin
  • General ill feeling (malaise)
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches
  • Red streaks from the infected area to the armpit or groin (may be faint or obvious)
  • Throbbing pain along the affected area

What are the current treatments for Lymphangitis?

Lymphangitis may spread within hours. Treatment should begin right away.

Treatment may include:

  • Antibiotics by mouth or IV (through a vein) to treat any infection
  • Pain medicine to control pain
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce inflammation and swelling
  • Warm, moist compresses to reduce inflammation and pain

Surgery may be needed to drain an abscess.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Lymphangitis?

Prompt treatment with antibiotics usually leads to a complete recovery. It may take weeks, or even months, for swelling to disappear. The amount of time it takes to recover depends on the cause.

What are the possible complications for Lymphangitis?

Health problems that may occur include:

  • Abscess (collection of pus)
  • Cellulitis (a skin infection)
  • Sepsis (a general or bloodstream infection)

When should I contact a medical professional for Lymphangitis?

Call your provider or go to the emergency room if you have symptoms of lymphangitis.

Staphylococcal

REFERENCES

Pasternack MS, Swartz MN. Lymphadenitis and lymphangitis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Updated Edition. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 97.

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Latest Research

Latest Advance
Study
  • Condition: Cutaneous Infection caused by N. Takedensis
  • Journal: Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials
  • Treatment Used: Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
  • Number of Patients: 2
  • Published —
The study researched the outcomes of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole antibiotic therapy in patients with cutaneous infection caused by N. takedensis.
Latest Advance
Study
  • Condition: Cutaneous Lymphangitis Carcinomatosa Arising from Cervical Cancer
  • Journal: Journal of medical case reports
  • Treatment Used: Paclitaxel-Cisplatin and Bevacizumab Combination Therapy
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This case report discusses a patient with cutaneous lymphangitis carcinomatosa arising from cervical cancer, an extremely rare and treatment-resistant condition who was treated with paclitaxel (135?mg/m2), cisplatin (50?mg/m2), and bevacizumab (15?mg/kg) combination therapy was administered every 21?days.