Learn About Mastoiditis

What is the definition of Mastoiditis?

Mastoiditis is an infection of the mastoid bone of the skull. The mastoid is located just behind the ear.

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What are the causes of Mastoiditis?

Mastoiditis is most often caused by a middle ear infection (acute otitis media). The infection may spread from the ear to the mastoid bone. The bone has a honeycomb-like structure that fills with infected material and may break down.

The condition is most common in children. Before antibiotics, mastoiditis was one of the leading causes of death in children. The condition does not occur very often today. It is also much less dangerous.

What are the symptoms of Mastoiditis?

Symptoms include:

  • Drainage from the ear
  • Ear pain or discomfort
  • Fever, may be high or suddenly increase
  • Headache
  • Hearing loss
  • Redness of the ear or behind the ear
  • Swelling behind the ear, may cause ear to stick out or feel as if it is filled with fluid
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What are the current treatments for Mastoiditis?

Mastoiditis may be hard to treat because the medicine may not reach deeply into the bone. The condition sometimes requires repeated or long-term treatment. The infection is treated with antibiotic injections, followed by antibiotics taken by mouth.

Surgery to remove part of the bone and drain the mastoid (mastoidectomy) may be needed if antibiotic treatment does not work. Surgery to drain the middle ear through the eardrum (myringotomy) may be needed to treat the middle ear infection.

Who are the top Mastoiditis Local Doctors?
Elite
Highly rated in
9
conditions

Sackler Faculty Of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

Jaffa, TA, IL 

Tal Marom is in Jaffa, Israel. Marom is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Mastoiditis. He is also highly rated in 9 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Mastoiditis, Otitis, Otitis Media with Effusion, and Osteomyelitis in Children.

Elite
Highly rated in
6
conditions

University Of Helsinki

Helsinki, FI 

Anu Hongisto-Laulajainen is in Helsinki, Finland. Hongisto-Laulajainen is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Mastoiditis. She is also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Mastoiditis, Osteomyelitis in Children, Otitis, and Osteomyelitis.

 
 
 
 
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Elite
Highly rated in
5
conditions

University Of Helsinki

Helsinki, FI 

Riste Saat is in Helsinki, Finland. Saat is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Mastoiditis. They are also highly rated in 5 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Mastoiditis, Osteomyelitis in Children, Osteomyelitis, and Otitis.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Mastoiditis?

Mastoiditis can be cured. However, it may be hard to treat and may come back.

What are the possible complications of Mastoiditis?

Complications may include:

  • Destruction of the mastoid bone
  • Dizziness or vertigo
  • Epidural abscess
  • Facial paralysis
  • Meningitis
  • Partial or complete hearing loss
  • Spread of infection to the brain or throughout the body
When should I contact a medical professional for Mastoiditis?

Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of mastoiditis.

Also call if:

  • You have an ear infection that does not respond to treatment or is followed by new symptoms.
  • Your symptoms do not respond to treatment.
  • You notice any facial asymmetry.
How do I prevent Mastoiditis?

Prompt and thorough treatment of ear infections reduces the risk for mastoiditis.

Mastoiditis - side view of head
Mastoiditis - redness and swelling behind ear
Mastoidectomy - series - Normal anatomy
What are the latest Mastoiditis Clinical Trials?
Corticosteroids as an Additional Treatment for Mastoiditis In Children
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What are the Latest Advances for Mastoiditis?
Helcococcus kunzii, a skin-colonising microorganism with pathogenic capacity: a case of polymicrobial intracranial empyema.
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What are our references for Mastoiditis?

Pelton SI. Otitis externa, otitis media, and mastoiditis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 61.

Pfaff JA, Moore GP. Otolaryngology. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 62.