Metopic Ridge

Symptoms, Doctors, Treatments, Research & More

Condition 101

What is the definition of Metopic Ridge?

A metopic ridge is an abnormal shape of the skull. The ridge can be seen on the forehead.


The skull of an infant is made up of bony plates. The gaps between the plates allow for growth of the skull. The places where these plates connect are called sutures or suture lines. They do not fully close until the 2nd or 3rd year of life.

A metopic ridge occurs when the 2 bony plates in the front part of the skull join together too early.

The metopic suture remains unclosed throughout life in 1 in 10 people.

What are the causes for Metopic Ridge?

A birth defect called craniosynostosis is a common cause of metopic ridge. It can also be associated with other congenital skeletal defects.

When should I contact a medical professional for Metopic Ridge?

Call your health care provider if you notice a ridge along your infant's forehead or a ridge forming on the skull.

The provider will perform a physical exam and ask questions about the child's medical history.

Tests may include:

  • Head CT scan
  • Skull x-ray

No treatment or surgery is needed for a metopic ridge if it is the only skull abnormality.



Gerety PA, Taylor JA, Bartlett SP. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. In: Rodriguez ED, Losee JE, Neligan PC, eds. Plastic Surgery: Volume 3: Craniofacial, Head and Neck Surgery and Pediatric Plastic Surgery. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 32.

Jha RT, Magge SN, Keating RF. Diagnosis and surgical options for craniosynostosis. In: Ellenbogen RG, Sekhar LN, Kitchen ND, da Silva HB, eds. Principles of Neurological Surgery. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 9.

Kinsman SL, Johnston MV. Congenital anomalies of the central nervous system. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 609.

Latest Research

Latest Advance
  • Condition: Ventricular Shunts
  • Journal: The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • Treatment Used: Cranial Vault Remodeling
  • Number of Patients: 11
  • Published —
This study tested the safety and efficacy of using cranial vault remodeling to treat children with ventricular shunt complications.
Latest Advance
  • Condition: Strabismus in Unicoronal Craniosynostosis
  • Journal: Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • Treatment Used: Fronto-Orbital Advancement and Remodeling
  • Number of Patients: 48
  • Published —
This study determined what craniometric changes occur to both orbits of patients with unicoronal craniosynostosis (premature fusion of skull sutures) undergoing fronto-orbital advancement and remodeling, and which of these changes are associated with new onset of postoperative strabismus (cross-eye).

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trial
Diagnostic Test
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Study Type: Diagnostic Test
  • Participants: 100
  • Start Date: October 2020
Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Craniosynostosis Repair