Learn About Mumps

What is the definition of Mumps?

Mumps is a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands. The salivary glands produce saliva, a liquid that moistens food and helps you chew and swallow.

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What are the alternative names for Mumps?

Epidemic parotitis; Viral parotitis; Parotitis

What are the causes of Mumps?

Mumps is caused by a virus. The virus spreads from person to person by drops of moisture from the nose and mouth, such as through sneezing. It is also spread through direct contact with items that have infected saliva on them.

Mumps most often occurs in children ages 2 through 12 who have not been vaccinated against the disease. However, the infection can occur at any age and may also be seen in college age students.

The time between being exposed to the virus and getting sick (incubation period) is about 12 to 25 days.

Mumps may also infect the:

  • Central nervous system
  • Pancreas
  • Testes
What are the symptoms of Mumps?

Symptoms of mumps may include:

  • Face pain
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw)
  • Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)

Other symptoms that can occur in males are:

  • Testicle lump
  • Testicle pain
  • Scrotal swelling
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What are the current treatments for Mumps?

There is no specific treatment for mumps. The following things can be done to relieve symptoms:

  • Apply ice or heat packs to the neck area.
  • Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) to relieve pain. Do not give aspirin to children with a viral illness because of the risk for Reye syndrome.
  • Drink extra fluid.
  • Eat soft foods.
  • Gargle with warm salt water.
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What is the outlook (prognosis) for Mumps?

People with this disease do well most of the time, even if organs other than the salivary glands are involved. After the illness is over in about 7 days, they'll be immune to mumps for the rest of their life.

What are the possible complications of Mumps?

Infection of other organs may occur, including testicle swelling (orchitis).

When should I contact a medical professional for Mumps?

Contact your provider if you or your child has mumps along with:

  • Red eyes
  • Constant drowsiness
  • Constant vomiting or abdominal pain
  • Severe headache
  • Pain or a lump in testicle

Call 911 or the local emergency number or visit the emergency room if seizures occur.

How do I prevent Mumps?

MMR immunization (vaccine) protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. It should be given to children at these ages:

  • First dose: 12 through 15 months old
  • Second dose: 4 through 6 years old

Adults can also receive the vaccine. Talk to your provider about this.

Recent outbreaks of the mumps have supported the importance of having all children vaccinated.

Mumps
Head and neck glands
What are the latest Mumps Clinical Trials?
Immunogenicity and Safety Study of an Investigational Quadrivalent Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine When Administered Concomitantly With Routine Pediatric Vaccines in Healthy Infants and Toddlers in Europe

Summary: Primary objective is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of the antibody response against meningococcal serogroups A, C, Y, and W following the administration of a 3-dose series of MenACYW conjugate vaccine compared to a 3-dose series of a licensed meningococcal vaccine when each vaccine is given concomitantly with routine pediatric vaccines (10-valent pneumococcal vaccine and diphtheria, tetanus, ...

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Safety and Immunogenicity of a Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine When Administered Concomitantly With Routine Pediatric Vaccines in Healthy Toddlers and Infants

Summary: Primary objectives: To assess the safety profile of each SP0202 formulation and Prevnar 13 in toddlers and infants (after each and any injection). To assess the immune response (serotype specific IgG concentration) of the SP0202 formulations and Prevnar 13 1 month after the administration of one dose in toddlers (Groups 1-4) To assess the immune response (serotype specific IgG concentration) of th...

What are the Latest Advances for Mumps?
Comparative study between intralesional injection of MMR, BCG, and candida albicans antigen in treatment of multiple recalcitrant warts.
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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: June 07, 2022
Published By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Litman N, Baum SG. Mumps virus. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 157.

Mason WH, Gans HA. Mumps. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 275.

Patel M, Gnann JW. Mumps. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 345.