Condition 101 About Myelitis

What is the definition of Myelitis?

Myelitis is the inflammation of the spinal cord, of which there are different types, such as acute flaccid myelitis and transverse myelitis. Acute flaccid myelitis is a rare but serious disease that causes weakness of the reflexes and muscles. Transverse myelitis causes a band-like sensation across the trunk of the body with lower sensory changes. Causes of both types of myelitis are believed to be infections, viruses, immune disorders, and other diseases which destroy the myelin sheath that covers nerve fibers.

What are the alternative names for Myelitis?


What are the causes for Myelitis?


What are the symptoms for Myelitis?

Signs and symptoms of myelitis include sudden weakness, facial or eye drooping, difficulty swallowing, slurred speech, loss of muscle tone or reflexes in the arms and/or legs, pain, sensory deficits, and bowel or bladder problems. Symptoms may have a sudden or slow, progressive onset. Severe symptoms may include respiratory failure or serious neurological complications.

What are the current treatments for Myelitis?

While there is no specific treatment for acute flaccid myelitis, some specialists may recommend physical therapy. Some patients recover from transverse myelitis over a period of months to years, while others may suffer permanent disabilities or recurrence of the disease. Treatments for transverse myelitis include corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs, plasmapheresis, or antiviral therapy.

What are the support groups for Myelitis?


What is the outlook (prognosis) for Myelitis?


What are the possible complications for Myelitis?


When should I contact a medical professional for Myelitis?


How do I prevent Myelitis?


Latest Advances On Myelitis

  • Condition: Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
  • Journal: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
  • Treatment Used: Virtual Reality (VR) Video Gaming
  • Number of Patients: 29
  • Published —
This study investigated the the therapeutic effects of a virtual reality (VR) video game in individuals with human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (partial paralysis; HAM/TSP).
  • Condition: Dual Spinal Cord Injury with Transverse Myelitis
  • Journal: Spinal cord series and cases
  • Treatment Used: Clinical Management
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This case report describes a patient with a dual spinal cord injury that later contracted transverse myelitis.

Clinical Trials For Myelitis

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Phase: N/A
  • Intervention Type: Behavioral
  • Participants: 80
  • Start Date: June 1, 2021
Diabetes Self-Management Education With Sleep Hygiene