Learn About Myocardial Contusion

What is the definition of Myocardial Contusion?

Myocardial contusion is a bruise of the heart muscle.

Save information for later
Sign Up
What are the alternative names for Myocardial Contusion?

Blunt myocardial injury

What are the causes of Myocardial Contusion?

The most common causes are:

  • Car crashes
  • Getting hit by a car
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Falling from a height, most often greater than 20 feet (6 meters)
What are the symptoms of Myocardial Contusion?

A severe myocardial contusion may lead to signs and symptoms of a heart attack.

Symptoms can include:

  • Pain in the front of the ribs or breastbone
  • Feeling that your heart is racing
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness
Not sure about your diagnosis?
Check Your Symptoms
What are the current treatments for Myocardial Contusion?

In most cases, you will be closely monitored for at least 24 hours. An ECG will be done continually to check your heart function.

Emergency room treatment may include:

  • Catheter placement through a vein (IV)
  • Medicines to relieve pain, heart rate disturbances, or low blood pressure
  • Pacemaker (temporary, may be permanent later)
  • Oxygen

Other therapies may be used to treat a heart injury, include:

  • Chest tube placement
  • Draining blood from around the heart
  • Surgery to repair blood vessels in the chest
Who are the top Myocardial Contusion Local Doctors?
Elite
Elite
 
 
 
 
Learn about our expert tiers
Learn more
Distinguished
What is the outlook (prognosis) for Myocardial Contusion?

People with a mild myocardial contusion will recover completely most of the time.

Serious heart injuries can increase your risk for heart failure or heart rhythm problems.

How do I prevent Myocardial Contusion?

The following safety tips may help prevent a heart bruise:

  • Wear a seat belt when driving.
  • Choose a car with air bags.
  • Take steps to ensure safety when working at heights.
Heart - section through the middle
Heart - front view
What are the latest Myocardial Contusion Clinical Trials?
Match to trials
Find the right clinical trials for you in under a minute
Get started
What are the Latest Advances for Myocardial Contusion?

There is no recent research available for this condition. Please check back because thousands of new papers are published every week and we strive to find and display the most recent relevant research as soon as it is available.

Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: May 08, 2022
Published By: Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Boccalandro F, Shreyder K. Traumatic heart disease. In: Levine GN, ed. Cardiology Secrets. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 72.

Ledgerwood AM, Lucas CE. Blunt cardiac injury. In: Cameron AM, Cameron JL, eds. Current Surgical Therapy. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:1241-1245.

Raja AS. Thoracic trauma. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 38.