Learn About Nonbacterial Prostatitis

What is the definition of Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis causes long-term pain and urinary symptoms. It involves the prostate gland or other parts of a man's lower urinary tract or genital area. This condition is not caused by an infection with bacteria.

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What are the alternative names for Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

NBP; Prostatodynia; Pelvic pain syndrome; CPPS; Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis; Chronic genitourinary pain

What are the causes of Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Possible causes of nonbacterial prostatitis include:

  • A past bacterial prostatitis infection
  • Bicycle riding
  • Less common types of bacteria
  • Irritation caused by a backup of urine flowing into the prostate
  • Irritation from chemicals
  • Nerve problem involving the lower urinary tract
  • Parasites
  • Pelvic floor muscle problem
  • Sexual abuse
  • Viruses

Life stresses and emotional factors may play a part in the problem.

Most men with chronic prostatitis have the nonbacterial form.

What are the symptoms of Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Symptoms may include:

  • Blood in the semen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the genital area and lower back
  • Pain with bowel movements
  • Pain with ejaculation
  • Problems with urinating
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What are the current treatments for Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Treatment for nonbacterial prostatitis is difficult. The problem is hard to cure, so the goal is to control symptoms.

Several types of medicines may be used to treat the condition. These include:

  • Long-term antibiotics to make sure that the prostatitis is not caused by bacteria. However, people who are not helped by antibiotics should stop taking these medicines.
  • Drugs called alpha-adrenergic blockers help relax the muscles of the prostate gland. It often takes about 6 weeks before these medicines start working. Many people do not get relief from these medicines.
  • Aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which may relieve symptoms for some men.
  • Muscle relaxers like diazepam or cyclobenzaprine can help to reduce spasms in the pelvic floor.

Some people have found some relief from pollen extract (Cernitin) and allopurinol. But research does not confirm their benefit. Stool softeners may help reduce discomfort with bowel movements.

Surgery, called transurethral resection of the prostate, may be done in rare cases if medicine does not help. In most cases, this surgery is not done on younger men. It may cause retrograde ejaculation. This can lead to sterility, impotence, and incontinence.

Other treatments that may be tried include:

  • Warm baths to ease some of the pain
  • Prostate massage, acupuncture, and relaxation exercises
  • Dietary changes to avoid bladder and urinary tract irritants
  • Pelvic floor physical therapy
Who are the top Nonbacterial Prostatitis Local Doctors?
Highly rated in

Faculty Of Medicine, Kagawa University

Ikenobe, JP 76107

Mikio Sugimoto is in Ikenobe, Japan. Sugimoto is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Nonbacterial Prostatitis. He is also highly rated in 5 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Nonbacterial Prostatitis, Prostate Cancer, Bacterial Prostatitis, and Bladder Cancer.

Highly rated in

University Of Copenhagen


Junsheng Liu is in Puerto Rico. Liu is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Nonbacterial Prostatitis. They are also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Nonbacterial Prostatitis, Bacterial Prostatitis, and Osteoporosis.

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Highly rated in

Research Laboratories

Kyoto, JP 60685

Michiko Oka is in Kyoto, Japan. Oka is rated as a Distinguished expert by MediFind in the treatment of Nonbacterial Prostatitis. She is also highly rated in 3 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Nonbacterial Prostatitis, Bacterial Prostatitis, Enlarged Prostate, and Bladder Outlet Obstruction.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Many people respond to treatment. However, others do not get relief, even after trying many things. Symptoms often come back and may not be treatable.

What are the possible complications of Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Untreated symptoms of nonbacterial prostatitis may lead to sexual and urinary problems. These problems can affect your lifestyle and emotional well-being.

When should I contact a medical professional for Nonbacterial Prostatitis?

Contact your health care provider if you have symptoms of prostatitis.

Male reproductive anatomy
What are the latest Nonbacterial Prostatitis Clinical Trials?
Therapeutic Efficacy and Safety of Low Energy Shock Wave (LESW) Plus Botulinum Toxin A Instillation in Treatment of Patients With Interstitial Cystitis Refractory to Conventional Therapy - A Clinical and Immunohistochemistry Study
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What are the Latest Advances for Nonbacterial Prostatitis?
EDCs and male urogenital cancers.
Increased Notch receptors induces CD8(+) T cell exhaustion in patients with prostate cancer.
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Clinical treatment of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis of kidney-yang deficiency type by acupuncture of Sanhuang points.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date : July 26, 2021
Published By : Kelly L. Stratton, MD, FACS, Associate Professor, Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Carter C. Urinary tract disorders. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 40.

Kaplan SA. Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 120.

McGowan CC. Prostatitis, epididymitis, and orchitis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 110.

Pontari M. Inflammatory and pain conditions of the male genitourinary tract: prostatitis and related pain conditions, orchitis, and epididymitis. In: Partin AW, Domochowski RR, Kavoussi LR, Peters CA, eds. Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 56.