Latest Advances

  • Condition: Orbital Cholesteatoma
  • Journal: Journal of medical case reports
  • Treatment Used: Pterional Approach in Surgical Resection
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This article reviewed the pterional approach (common approach for neurosurgery) for surgical resection (surgical removal) of an orbital cholesteatoma (benign tumor mainly composed of cholesterol crystals).
  • Condition: Patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) with Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis-Related Retinal Detachment (RD)
  • Journal: Medicine
  • Treatment Used: Vitrectomy
  • Number of Patients: 45
  • Published —
This study determined the surgical outcomes and prognostic factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis-related retinal detachment (RD) in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) following vitrectomy.
  • Condition: Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Combined with Posterior Ciliary Artery Occlusion after Preoperative Embolization of Middle Meningeal Artery for Intracranial Meningioma
  • Journal: Medicine
  • Treatment Used: Ocular Massage, Oral Acetazolamide, and Topical Brimonidine Eyedrops
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This case report describes a 48-year-old woman diagnosed with central retinal artery occlusion combined with posterior ciliary artery occlusion after preoperative embolization of the middle meningeal artery for intracranial meningioma treated with ocular massage, oral acetazolamide, and topical brimonidine eyedrops.
  • Condition: Low Vision
  • Journal: Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • Treatment Used: Augmented Reality Technology
  • Number of Patients: 100
  • Published —
In this study, researchers evaluated the effects of using augmented reality technology on adults with low vision.
  • Condition: Wolfram Syndrome
  • Journal: Endocrine
  • Treatment Used: Multidisciplinary Approach
  • Number of Patients: 5
  • Published —
This study tested the safety and efficacy of using a multidisciplinary approach with clinical and genetic profiling to treat patients with Wolfram syndrome characterized by primary gonadal failure.
  • Condition: Drug-Drug Interaction in Kidney Transplant Patient with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • Journal: Transplant infectious disease : an official journal of the Transplantation Society
  • Treatment Used: Hydroxychloroquine and Lopinavir/ritonavir and Antiviral Drug Replaced with Darunavir/Cobicistat
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This case report discusses a 36-year-old kidney transplanted woman affected by Senior-Loken syndrome diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia treated with hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/ritonavir, and the antiviral drug was replaced with darunavir/cobicistat after two days for diarrhea. Immunosuppressant levels were closely monitored, and the authors observed very high tacrolimus trough levels despite initial dose reduction. The patient was left with steroid therapy alone.
  • Condition: Atrophic Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Journal: Ophthalmology
  • Treatment Used: Wireless Photovoltaic Retinal Implant
  • Number of Patients: 5
  • Published —
This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a wireless photovoltaic retinal implant (PRIMA) in patients with atrophic age-related macular degeneration.
  • Condition: Uveitis
  • Journal: BMC ophthalmology
  • Treatment Used: Phacoemulsification
  • Number of Patients: 81
  • Published —
In this study, researchers evaluated the outcomes of using phacoemulsification for the treatment of uveitis
  • Condition: Craniopharyngioma
  • Journal: Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • Treatment Used: Tumor Resection
  • Number of Patients: 95
  • Published —
This study reviewed the role of the extent of surgical tumor resection for local tumor control and long-term outcomes in patients with craniopharyngioma.
  • Condition: Glaucoma
  • Journal: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • Treatment Used: Acupuncture
  • Number of Patients: 55
  • Published —
This review of the literature assessed the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture compared with other treatments, no treatment, or placebo in patients with glaucoma.
  • Condition: Retinal Ganglion Cell (RGC) Injury in Optic Neuropathies
  • Journal: BioMed research international
  • Treatment Used: Cell Replacement Therapy, Neuroprotection, and Gene Therapy
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This review summarized experimental treatments targeting Retinal ganglion cells over the last decade.
  • Condition: Idiopathic Macular Hole
  • Journal: Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia
  • Treatment Used: Combined Surgery with Vitreous Base Removal and Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling after Staining with Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL)
  • Number of Patients: 46
  • Published —
This study determined the functional and anatomical success rates as well as the safety of sutureless combined surgery involving vitreous base removal and internal limiting membrane peeling after Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) staining for the management of idiopathic macular holes after three years.
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