Learn About Paraplegia

What is the definition of Paraplegia?
Paraplegia is a paralysis which affects all or part of the lower body, the trunk, legs, and pelvic organs. Paralysis involves a loss of muscle control and can be complete or partial.  While there are different types and causes of paraplegia, the most common type is caused by spinal cord injury due to trauma (motor vehicle accidents, falls, violence, sports or recreation injuries, alcohol use, or gunshot or knife wound) that damages the spinal cord. After a traumatic spinal cord injury, additional damage often occurs over time due to bleeding, swelling, and inflammation. In contrast, non-traumatic spinal cord injury may be caused by arthritis, cancer, inflammation, infections, nerve or autoimmune diseases, polio, or disk degeneration of the spine.
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What are the symptoms of Paraplegia?
Symptoms of paraplegia include loss of sensation and movement in the lower limbs, loss of bladder or bowel control, muscle spasms, changes in sexual function, and pain.
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What are the current treatments for Paraplegia?
Currently, there is no treatment available to reverse the damage to the spinal cord; however, emerging treatments are constantly being developed, such as prostheses and newer assistive technologies, including modern wheelchairs, computer adaptations, and electronic aids for daily living, electrical stimulation devices, robotic gait training, and medications that may spur nerve cell regeneration. Initial treatment after acute injury and diagnosis may include corticosteroids, immobilization, and surgery. Long term treatment is focused on rehabilitation as well as physical and occupational therapy.
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What are the latest Paraplegia Clinical Trials?
Ultrasonographic Measurements of the Achilles Tendon and Talar Condylar Cartilage Thickness in Paraplegia Patients.

Summary: Investigators aim to measure the ankle talar cartilage and achilles tendon thicknesses ultrasonographically in paraplegic patients and compare them with the normal population.

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Effects of Spinal Cord Stimulation Therapy on Motor Function and Gait in Patients With Pure Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias

Summary: It's a single-center, prospective, open label clinical study with a 12 months follow-up period, to investigate the therapeutic effect and safety of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) on motor function and gait in patients with pure Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias.

What are the Latest Advances for Paraplegia?
Long-term clinical and urodynamic effectiveness of augmentation ileocystoplasty with supra-trigonal cystectomy in individuals with spinal cord injury.
Spontaneous spinal intradural hemorrhage in dengue fever: a case report.
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Study on the clinical efficacy of bone-filled mesh vertebroplasty combined with posterior screw and rod internal fixation in the treatment of thoracolumbar metastases: a retrospective cohort study.