Learn About Pleurisy

What is the definition of Pleurisy?

Pleurisy is an inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain when you take a breath or cough.

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What are the alternative names for Pleurisy?

Pleuritis; Pleuritic chest pain

What are the causes of Pleurisy?

Pleurisy may develop when you have lung inflammation due to infection, such as a viral infection, pneumonia, or tuberculosis.

It may also occur with:

  • Certain cancers
  • Chest trauma
  • Blood clot (pulmonary embolus)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lupus
What are the symptoms of Pleurisy?

The main symptom of pleurisy is pain in the chest. This pain often occurs when you take a deep breath in or out, or cough. Some people feel the pain in the shoulder.

Deep breathing, coughing, and chest movement make the pain worse.

Pleurisy can cause fluid to collect inside the chest. As a result, the following symptoms can occur:

  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid breathing
  • Pain with deep breaths
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What are the current treatments for Pleurisy?

Treatment depends on the cause of the pleurisy. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics. Surgery may be needed to drain infected fluid from the lungs. Viral infections normally run their course without medicines.

Taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce pain.

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What is the outlook (prognosis) for Pleurisy?

Recovery depends on the cause of the pleurisy.

What are the possible complications of Pleurisy?

Health problems that may develop from pleurisy include:

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Fluid buildup between chest wall and lung
  • Complications from the original illness
When should I contact a medical professional for Pleurisy?

Contact your provider if you have symptoms of pleurisy. If you have breathing difficulty or your skin turns blue, seek medical care right away.

How do I prevent Pleurisy?

Early treatment of bacterial respiratory infections can prevent pleurisy.

Respiratory system overview
What are the latest Pleurisy Clinical Trials?
Clinical and Molecular Evaluation of Childern With Familial Meditterranean Fever and Their Siblings

Summary: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF ,recurrent polyserositis ,periodic disease) is an autosomal recessive auto inflammatory disease which primarily affect population surrounding the Mediterranean basin (Arabs , Turks ,Armenians, Jews ).Despite its striking symptoms pattern FMF was first described as distinct entity only in 1945. It is characterized by recurrent attacks of fever , peritonitis ,pleuri...

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Automated Oxygen Administration in Patients With Hypoxemic Pneumonia and Pleuropneumonia

Summary: Hypoxemic pneumonia is a major cause of hospitalization in Pulmonology. The patient's dependency on oxygen prevents early discharge from the hospital. An automated oxygen therapy is a system that allows administration of oxygen with a flow that is automatically adjusted to the patient's saturation, which is continuously monitored. This system has proven to be particularly effective with chronic ob...

What are the Latest Advances for Pleurisy?
Reconstruction of post-resection chest wall defects in surgical treatment of invasive non-small cell lung cancer.
Multidetector CT findings of primary pleural angiosarcoma : a systematic review, an additional cases report.
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Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: September 01, 2021
Published By: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Associate Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Fenster BE, Lee-Chiong TL, Gebhart GF, Matthay RA. Chest pain. In: Broaddus VC, Ernst JD, King TE, et al, eds. Murray & Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 38.

McCool FD. Diseases of the diaphragm, chest wall, pleura, and mediastinum. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 92.