Condition 101 About Posterior Fossa Tumor

What is the definition of Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Posterior fossa tumor is a type of brain tumor located in or near the bottom of the skull.

What are the alternative names for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Infratentorial brain tumors; Brainstem glioma; Cerebellar tumor

What are the causes for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

The posterior fossa is a small space in the skull, found near the brainstem and cerebellum. The cerebellum is the part of the brain responsible for balance and coordinated movements. The brainstem is responsible for controlling vital body functions, such as breathing.

If a tumor grows in the area of the posterior fossa, it can block the flow of spinal fluid and cause increased pressure on the brain and spinal cord.

Most tumors of the posterior fossa are primary brain cancers. They start in the brain, rather than spreading from somewhere else in the body.

Posterior fossa tumors have no known causes or risk factors.

Advocacy Organizations

Keep Punching, Inc., supports patients, healthcare providers, and researchers in their fight to prevent and eradicate brain cancer and minimize treatment-related side effects that may adversely impact function and comfort.

What are the symptoms for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Symptoms occur very early with posterior fossa tumors and may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Imbalance
  • Nausea
  • Uncoordinated walk (ataxia)
  • Vomiting

Symptoms from posterior fossa tumors also occur when the tumor damages local structures, such as the cranial nerves. Symptoms of cranial nerve damage include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Eye problems
  • Face muscle weakness
  • Hearing loss
  • Loss of feeling in part of the face
  • Taste problems
  • Unsteadiness when walking
  • Vision problems

What are the current treatments for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Most tumors of the posterior fossa are removed with surgery, even if they are not cancerous. There is limited space in the posterior fossa, and the tumor can easily press on delicate structures if it grows.

Depending on the type and size of the tumor, radiation treatment may also be used after surgery.

What are the support groups for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

You can ease the stress of illness by joining a support group whose members share common experiences and problems.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

A good outlook depends on finding the cancer early. A total blockage in the flow of spinal fluid can be life threatening. If tumors are found early, surgery can lead to long-term survival.

What are the possible complications for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Complications may include:

  • Cranial nerve palsies
  • Herniation
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Increased intracranial pressure

When should I contact a medical professional for Posterior Fossa Tumor?

Call your health care provider if you have regular headaches that occur with nausea, vomiting, or vision changes.

REFERENCES

Arriaga MA, Brackmann DE. Neoplasms of the posterior fossa. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 179.

Dorsey JF, Salinas RD, Dang M, et al. Cancer of the central nervous system. In: Niederhuber JE, Armitage JO, Kastan MB, Doroshow JH, Tepper JE, eds. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 63.

Zaky W, Ater JL, Khatua S. Brain tumors in childhood. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 524.

Top Global Doctors For Posterior Fossa Tumor

Latest Advances On Posterior Fossa Tumor

  • Condition: Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
  • Journal: Medicine
  • Treatment Used: Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Versus Conventional Radiotherapy
  • Number of Patients: 184
  • Published —
In this study, researchers compared the outcomes of hypofractionated radiotherapy versus conventional radiotherapy for the treatment of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma.
  • Condition: Post-Traumatic Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Fistulas
  • Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
  • Treatment Used: Continuous Lumbar Drainage (CLD)
  • Number of Patients: 45
  • Published —
This study evaluated the outcomes of patients who underwent continuous lumbar drainage (drains blood in the subarachnoid spaces and the third and the fourth ventricles to decrease clotting; CLD) for post-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula (results from a tear in the outermost of the three membranes covering the brain and the spinal cord and the middle layer of the three meninges).

Clinical Trials For Posterior Fossa Tumor

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Intervention Type: Other
  • Participants: 66
  • Start Date: April 1, 2021
Perioperative Evaluation of Cerebellar Tumors: Impact of Cerebellar Functional Topography on Cognition and Motor Ataxia
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Not yet recruiting
  • Intervention Type: Other
  • Participants: 10
  • Start Date: December 1, 2020
Controlling Coordination After Childhood Cerebellar Cancer - Pilot Study