Learn About Pyogenic Granuloma

What is the definition of Pyogenic Granuloma?

Pyogenic granulomas are small, raised, and red bumps on the skin. The bumps have a smooth surface and may be moist. They bleed easily because of the high number of blood vessels at the site. It is a benign (noncancerous) growth.

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What are the alternative names for Pyogenic Granuloma?

Lobular capillary hemangioma

What are the causes of Pyogenic Granuloma?

The exact cause of pyogenic granulomas is unknown. They often appear following an injury on the hands, arms, or face.

Pyogenic granulomas are common in children and pregnant women.

What are the symptoms of Pyogenic Granuloma?

Signs of a pyogenic granuloma are:

  • A small red lump on the skin that bleeds easily
  • Often found at the site of a recent injury
  • Usually seen on hands, arms, and face, but they may develop in the mouth (most often in pregnant women)
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What are the current treatments for Pyogenic Granuloma?

Small pyogenic granulomas may go away suddenly. Larger bumps are treated with:

  • Surgical shaving or excision
  • Electrocautery (heat)
  • Freezing
  • A laser
  • Creams applied to the skin (may not be as effective as surgery)
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What is the outlook (prognosis) for Pyogenic Granuloma?

Most pyogenic granulomas can be removed. A scar may remain after treatment. There is a high chance that the problem will come back if the whole lesion is not destroyed during treatment.

What are the possible complications of Pyogenic Granuloma?

These problems may occur:

  • Bleeding from the lesion
  • Return of the condition after treatment
When should I contact a medical professional for Pyogenic Granuloma?

Call your provider if you have a skin bump that bleeds easily or that changes appearance.

Pyogenic granuloma - close-up
Pyogenic granuloma on the hand
What are the latest Pyogenic Granuloma Clinical Trials?
Corticosteroid Intralesional Injection as an Alternative Treatment in Oral Pyogenic Granuloma in the Esthetic Zone

Summary: Gingival Pyogenic granuloma in the esthetic zone represents an esthetic problem. While surgical treatment may not give the premium esthetic demands, corticosteroid may acheive this balance.

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What are the Latest Advances for Pyogenic Granuloma?
Polidocanol: A Review of Off-Label Dermatologic Uses.
Treatment of pyogenic granuloma in children with a 595 nm pulsed dye laser: A retrospective study of 212 patients.
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Polidocanol Sclerotherapy in Pyogenic Granulomas.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: November 04, 2020
Published By: Elika Hoss, MD, Senior Associate Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Dinulos JGH. Vascular tumors and malformations. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 23.

Patterson JW. Vascular tumors. In: Patterson JW, ed. Weedon's Skin Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Limited; 2021:chap 39.