Salmonella enterocolitis is a bacterial infection in the lining of the small intestine that is caused by salmonella bacteria. It is a type of food poisoning.
Salmonellosis; Nontyphoidal salmonella; Food poisoning - salmonella; Gastroenteritis - salmonella
Salmonella infection is one of the most common types of food poisoning. It occurs when you eat food or drink water that contains salmonella bacteria.
The salmonella germs may get into the food you eat in several ways.
You are more likely to get this type of infection if you:
The time between getting infected and having symptoms is 8 to 72 hours. Symptoms include:
The goal is to make you feel better and avoid dehydration. Dehydration means your body does not have as much water and fluids as it should.
These things may help you feel better if you have diarrhea:
If your child has salmonella, it is important to keep them from getting dehydrated. At first, try 1 ounce (2 tablespoons or 30 milliliters) of fluid every 30 to 60 minutes.
Medicines that slow diarrhea are often not given because they may make the infection last longer. If you have severe symptoms, your provider may prescribe antibiotics if you:
If you take water pills or diuretics, you may need to stop taking them when you have diarrhea. Ask your provider.
Andrew Pollard is in Oxford, United Kingdom. Pollard is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Salmonella Enterocolitis. He is also highly rated in 30 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Typhoid Fever, Salmonella Enterocolitis, Meningitis, and Typhus.
Farah Qamar is in Karachi, Pakistan. Qamar is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Salmonella Enterocolitis. She is also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Typhoid Fever, Salmonella Enterocolitis, Typhus, and Diarrhea.
Nicholas Feasey is in Liverpool, United Kingdom. Feasey is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Salmonella Enterocolitis. He is also highly rated in 4 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Salmonella Enterocolitis, Typhoid Fever, Typhus, and Sepsis.
In otherwise healthy people, symptoms should go away in 2 to 5 days, but they may last for 1 to 2 weeks.
People who have been treated for salmonella may continue to shed the bacteria in their stool for months to a year after the infection. Food handlers who carry salmonella in their body can pass the infection to the people who eat the food they have handled.
Call your provider if:
Call your provider if your child has:
Learning how to prevent food poisoning can reduce the risk for this infection. Follow these safety measures:
Published Date : March 04, 2020
Published By : Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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