What is the definition of Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm?

A sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SOVA) is a congenital or acquired abnormal enlargement (dilation) of the aortic root. The aorta is the largest artery and carries blood and oxygen to the heart and body. An aneurysm is a weakening and subsequent ballooning of the artery wall.

What are the symptoms for Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm?

Symptoms of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (ballooning of artery wall) depend on whether the aneurysm has ruptured or not. A non-ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm may not have any symptoms but can lead to abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias); heart quivering (atrial fibrillation); aortic valve regurgitation; acute coronary syndrome; complete heart block; or a blood clot to the heart (coronary ostia occlusion). Symptoms of a ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm depend on its location and can lead to difficulty breathing, chest pain, heart palpitations, cardiac murmurs, right-sided heart failure, or left atrium or ventricle blood flow abnormalities.

What are the current treatments for Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm?

Treatment of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm usually involves open surgical repair, although some patients may be able to be treated with less-invasive transcatheter endovascular closure devices. A ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm can be fatal and is a medical emergency that requires immediate surgery.