What is the definition of Syringoma?
Syringomas are firm yellowish, translucent, or skin colored papules that are often found on the face, particularly around the eyes, but may also appear elsewhere on the face, in the armpits, umbilicus, upper chest, and genitalia. They arise from the sweat ducts and may occur suddenly in crops or multiples. There are 4 types of syringoma: a localized form, a form associated with Down syndrome, a generalized form that encompases multiple and eruptive syringomas, and a familial form. Syringomas are usually asymptomatic; However, rarely, individuals can experience extreme itching (pruritus), especially while sweating. They are found more commonly in Caucasians, and in females at puberty or near middle-age. Syringomas may be treated surgically using different methods such as high frequency electric current (electrosurgery) or laser.
What are the current treatments for Syringoma?
People with syringomas have a variety of surgical treatment options, including high frequency electric current (electrosurgery) and laser surgery. As individuals with syringoma usually do not have symptoms, treatment is typically considered cosmetic. The goal of treatment is to destroy the tumor with little to no scarring or recurrence; however, syringomas may be located deep within the skin (dermis), therefore complete removal is often difficult and recurrence is common.