Thrombophlebitis is swelling (inflammation) of a vein. A blood clot (thrombus) in the vein can cause this swelling.
Phlebitis; Deep vein thrombosis - thrombophlebitis; Thrombophilia - thrombophlebitis
Thrombophlebitis may affect deeper, larger veins or veins near the skin surface. Most of the time, it occurs in the pelvis and legs.
Blood clots may form when something slows or changes the flow of blood in the veins. Risk factors include:
Blood is more likely to clot in someone who has certain problems or disorders, such as:
The following symptoms are often associated with thrombophlebitis:
Support stockings and wraps can help to reduce discomfort. Your provider may prescribe medicines such as:
You may be told to do the following:
Rare treatment options are:
Prompt treatment can treat thrombophlebitis and its other forms.
Complications of thrombosis include:
Contact your provider if you have symptoms of thrombophlebitis.
Contact your provider right away if:
Routine changing of intravenous (IV) lines helps to prevent thrombophlebitis related to IVs.
If you are taking a long car or plane trip:
If you are hospitalized, your provider may prescribe medicine to prevent thrombophlebitis.
Published Date: January 29, 2022
Published By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
Wasan S. Superficial thrombophlebitis and its management. In: Sidawy AN, Perler BA, eds. Rutherford's Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 151.
Weitz JI, Ginsberg JS. Venous thrombosis and embolism. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 74.