What is the definition of Tongue Cancer?
Tongue (oral) cancer can occur in different areas of the oral cavity, such as on the surface of the tongue in the mouth, or at the base of the tongue in the throat. Causes of tongue cancer include tobacco and heavy alcohol use, a weakened immune system, infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) or a previous history of head and neck cancer. The risk of tongue cancer is higher in males. In time tongue cancers may spread to other areas of the mouth, head, and neck. Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
What are the symptoms for Tongue Cancer?
Signs and symptoms of tongue (oral) cancer include white or red patches, a sore that will not heal, bleeding, problems with pain when swallowing, a neck or mouth lump, trouble chewing, swallowing, or moving the tongue or jaw, jaw swelling, or a sore throat.
What are the current treatments for Tongue Cancer?
Treatment is determined by the type of tongue cancer cells and may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination.