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Condition

Toxocariasis

Symptoms, Doctors, Treatments, Research & More

Condition 101

What is the definition of Toxocariasis?

Toxocariasis is a parasitic condition caused by the larvae of two species of Toxocara roundworms: Toxocara canis (from dogs) and Toxocara cati (from cats). Many people who are infected with Toxocara never develop any signs or symptoms of the condition. In those who do become sick, symptoms may present as:
  • Ocular Toxocariasis - when the larvae infect the eye and cause vision loss, eye inflammation, and/or damage to the retina.
  • Visceral Toxocariasis - when the larvae infect various organs of the body (i.e. the liver or the central nervous system) and cause fever, fatigue, coughing, wheezing, and/or abdominal pain.
Toxocariasis is generally spread through dirt that has been contaminated with animal feces that contain infectious Toxocara eggs. Young children and owners of dogs and cats have a higher chance of becoming infected. Visceral toxocariasis is treated with antiparasitic medications. Treatment of ocular toxocariasis is more difficult and usually consists of measures to prevent progressive damage to the eye.

 

Top Global Doctors

RM
Elite
Rick M. Maizels
Glasgow, SCT, GB
PK
Elite
Paul Kosma
Vienna, 9, AT
WR
Elite
William H. Roldan
Lima, LMA, PE
MZ
Elite
Mohammad Zibaei
Karaj, 44, IR
RG
Elite
Robin B. Gasser
Parkville, VIC, AU

Latest Research

Latest Advance
Study
  • Condition: Children with uveitis
  • Journal: Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • Treatment Used: Cataract surgery
  • Number of Patients: 37
  • Published —
The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of cataract surgery in children with uveitis.
Latest Advance
Study
  • Condition: Toxocariasis-related Eosinophilic Disorder
  • Journal: Medicine
  • Treatment Used: clinical course and treatment outcomes
  • Number of Patients: 1000
  • Published —
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical features and natural course of various types of eosinophilia with a focus on toxocariasis.