Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Symptoms, Doctors, Treatments, Research & More

Condition 101

What is the definition of Tracheoesophageal Fistula?

Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a life-threatening condition in which there is an abnormal connection between the esophagus and trachea (windpipe). The esophagus and trachea run next to each other through the chest cavity. The esophagus carries food and saliva to the stomach, while the trachea ca ...

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What are the alternative names for Tracheoesophageal Fistula?

  • Tracheoesophageal fistula with or without esophageal atresia
  • TE fistula
  • TEF

Is Tracheoesophageal Fistula an inherited disorder?

In most cases, tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is not inherited and there is only one affected person in a family. When TEF is isolated (i.e. does not occur with any other abnormalities), it is considered a multifactorial condition (caused by a combination of various genetic and environmental factors). However, in most isolated cases, no specific genetic changes or environmental factors have been proven to cause the condition. When TEF occurs as a feature of a genetic syndrome or chromosome abnormality, it may follow the inheritance pattern and recurrence risk for the underlying condition. In these cases, it may be caused by changes in single genes or chromosomes, or it may be multifactorial.

Latest Research

Latest Advance
  • Condition: Severe Laryngotracheal Stenosis
  • Journal: Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • Treatment Used: Partial Cricotracheal Resection Vs. Extended Cricotracheal Resection
  • Number of Patients: 18
  • Published —
This study assessed the outcomes of partial cricotracheal resection (CTR) versus extended cricotracheal resection (ECTR) to treat patients with severe laryngotracheal stenosis (abnormal narrowing of the central air passageways).
Latest Advance
  • Condition: Intratracheal Myiasis followed by Tracheal-Esophageal Fistula
  • Journal: BMC infectious diseases
  • Treatment Used: Endotracheal Stenting
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This case report discusses a rare occurrence of a patient with intratracheal myiasis (maggot infection) followed by tracheal-esophageal fistula treated with endotracheal stenting.
Latest Advance
  • Condition: Long-gap esophageal atresia
  • Journal: Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • Treatment Used: Magnets
  • Number of Patients: 13
  • Published —
The study researched using magnets for long-gap esophageal atresia.
Latest Advance
  • Condition: Twice-Radiated Patients
  • Journal: American journal of otolaryngology
  • Treatment Used: Tracheoesophageal Puncture Voice Prosthesis (TEP) Placement
  • Number of Patients: 80
  • Published —
This study evaluated twice-radiated patients that underwent tracheoesophageal puncture voice prosthesis (TEP) placement.

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Study Type: Device
  • Participants: 150
  • Start Date: May 11, 2018
A Multi-Center Randomized Trial of Transanastomotic Tube for Proximal Esophageal Atresia With Distal Tracheoesophageal Fistula Repair
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Participants: 260
  • Start Date: March 28, 2018
Comprehensive Phenotypic and Genetic Assessment of Tracheal and Esophageal Birth Defects in Patients
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Study Type: Other
  • Participants: 2500
  • Start Date: January 2008
National Register of Oesophageal Atresia