Condition 101 About Whipworm Infection

What is the definition of Whipworm Infection?

Whipworm infection is an infection of the large intestine with a type of roundworm.

What are the alternative names for Whipworm Infection?

Intestinal parasite - whipworm; Trichuriasis; Round worm - trichuriasis

What are the causes for Whipworm Infection?

Whipworm infection is caused by the roundworm Trichuris trichiura. It is a common infection that mainly affects children.

Children may become infected if they swallow soil contaminated with whipworm eggs. When the eggs hatch inside the body, the whipworm sticks inside the wall of the large intestine.

Whipworm is found throughout the world, especially in countries with warm, humid climates. Some outbreaks have been traced to contaminated vegetables (believed to be due to soil contamination).

What are the symptoms for Whipworm Infection?

Most people who have whipworm infections don't have symptoms. Symptoms mainly occur in children, and range from mild to severe. A severe infection may cause:

  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Fecal incontinence (during sleep)
  • Rectal prolapse (the rectum comes out of the anus)

What are the current treatments for Whipworm Infection?

The drug albendazole is commonly prescribed when the infection causes symptoms. A different anti-worm medicine may also be prescribed.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Whipworm Infection?

Full recovery is expected with treatment.

When should I contact a medical professional for Whipworm Infection?

Seek medical attention if you or your child develop bloody diarrhea. In addition to whipworm, many other infections and illnesses can cause similar symptoms.

How do I prevent Whipworm Infection?

Improved facilities for feces disposal have decreased the incidence of whipworm.

Always wash your hands before handling food. Teach your children to wash their hands, too. Thoroughly washing food may also help prevent this condition.

Trichuris

REFERENCES

Bogitsh BJ, Carter CE, Oeltmann TN. Intestinal nematodes. In: Bogitsh BJ, Carter CE, Oeltmann TN, eds. Human Parasitology. 5th ed. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press; 2019:chap 16.

Dent AE, Kazura JW. Trichuriasis (Trichuris trichiura). In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW, Schor NF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 293.

Top Global Doctors For Whipworm Infection

JK
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Jennifer Keiser
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Peter Nejsum
Arhus, DK
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Benjamin Speich
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Latest Advances On Whipworm Infection

  • Condition: Trichuris Trichiura Infections
  • Journal: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
  • Treatment Used: Ivermectin
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This study tested the safety and efficacy of using ivermectin to treat patients with Trichuris trichiura infections.
  • Condition: Anemia in Non-Pregnant Adolescent Girls and Adult Women
  • Journal: Systematic reviews
  • Treatment Used: Deworming
  • Number of Patients: 1086
  • Published —
This review of the literature evaluated outcomes of parasite load, reinfection, anemia, severe anemia, iron deficiency, diarrhea, or all-cause morbidity in the deworming of non-pregnant adolescent girls and adult women.