Learn About Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia

View Main Condition: Leukemia

What is the definition of Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia?
A rare acute myeloid leukemia disorder characterized by increased blast cells (myeloblasts, monoblast, and/or promonoblasts), representing more than 20% of the total bone marrow (BM) or peripheral blood differential counts, with 20-80% of BM cells being of monocytic lineage. Clinical presentation is the result of bone marrow involvement and extramedullary infiltration by the leukemic cells and includes asthenia, pallor, fever, dizziness, respiratory symptoms, easy bruising, bleeding disorders, and neurological deficits. Gingival hyperplasia, organomegaly, especially hepatosplenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy may also be associated.
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What are the alternative names for Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia?
  • Acute myelomonocytic leukemia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia with abnormal bone marrow eosinophils inv(16)(p13q22) or t(16;16)(p13;q22)
  • AML M4
  • AML-M4
  • AMMoL
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 4
  • AML with abnormal bone marrow eosinophils inv(16)(p13q22) or t(16;16)(p13;q22)
  • AML with inv(16)(p13.1q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22)
  • Acute myelomonocytic leukemia
  • CBFB-MYH11
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Published Date: May 02, 2022
Published By: Genetic and Rare Diseases Informnation Center

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