Learn About Adult T-Cell Leukemia

View Main Condition: Leukemia

What is the definition of Adult T-Cell Leukemia?
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is is a rare and aggressive T-cell lymphoma that is linked to infection by the human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1). The exact mechanism by which HTLV-I infection causes the ATL is unknown. The clinical features of ATL include generalized swelling of the lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), increased liver and spleen size (hepatosplenomegaly), immunosuppression, high levels of calcium in the blood, lytic bone lesions (spots that appear as 'holes' on a standard bone x-ray), and skin lesions. There are four basic clinical variants of ATL: acute (60% of cases), lymphomatous (20 % of cases), chronic (10% of cases) and smoldering (10% of cases).
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What are the alternative names for Adult T-Cell Leukemia?
  • Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma
  • ATLL
  • Adult T-cell leukaemia
  • Adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (HTLV-1 positive)
  • Adult T-cell lymphoma
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Published Date: May 02, 2022
Published By: Genetic and Rare Diseases Informnation Center

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