In some patients, atrial fibrillation may possibly be cured. In most patients, atrial fibrillation is a usually a chronic condition. Treatment for atrial fibrillation is focused on restoring normal heart rhythm and avoiding complications such as blood clots and stroke.

Types of Treatments

Treatment for atrial fibrillation includes:

  • Medications
  • Catheter or surgical ablation
  • Electrical cardioversion
  • Pacemaker implantation
  • Left atrial appendage ligation
  • Lifestyle changes

Medications – Medications for atrial fibrillation include:

Beta blockers, which help to slow heart rate. Beta blockers used for the treatment of atrial fibrillation include:

  • Atenolol
  • Carvedilol
  • Metoprolol

Direct-acting anticoagulants, which help thin the blood and prevent blood clots and stroke. Direct-acting anticoagulants used for the treatment of atrial fibrillation include:

  • Clopidogrel
  • Edoxaban
  • Dabigatran
  • Heparin
  • Warfarin

Calcium channel blockers, such as diltiazem and verapamil, which help to control heart rate

Digitalis or digoxin, which control the rate that blood is pumped throughout the body

Anti-arrhythmic drugs, which help to prevent irregular heart rhythms. Anti-arrhythmic drugs used for the treatment of atrial fibrillation include:

  • Amiadarone
  • Dofetilide
  • Flecainide
  • Propafenone
  • Solatol

Catheter or surgical ablation – This procedure uses electrical energy to destroy the tissue that is causing the atrial fibrillation. Catheter or surgical ablation may need to be repeated if the atrial fibrillation recurs. Catheter or surgical ablation can be used in combination with pacemaker implantation.

Electrical cardioversion – This procedure for treating atrial fibrillation restores normal heart rhythm through the use of low-energy shocks to the heart. Electrical cardioversion may be used in an emergency such as an irregular heart rhythm or heart attack.

Pacemaker implantation – A pacemaker may be implanted for atrial fibrillation if another irregular heartbeat is present.

Left atrial appendage ligation – This surgical procedure for atrial fibrillation can be used to prevent blood clots and stroke. Left atrial appendage ligation may be performed at the same time as catheter or surgical ablation.

Lifestyle changes – Lifestyle changes for atrial fibrillation include:

  • Exercise
  • Heart-healthy diet, such as the DASH diet
  • Lower salt intake
  • Limiting or avoiding alcohol
  • Managing stress
  • Quitting smoking
  • Weight loss

Any underlying disorders that contribute to the risk of atrial fibrillation, such as overweight or obesity, overactive thyroid, also called hyperthyroidism, or sleep apnea will also require treatment.

Long-Term Follow Up

Ongoing, long-term follow-up is an essential part of treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation because the condition can reoccur even after it has been treated.


This content was written by the MediFind Medical Team. Last updated: 6/9/2022

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    Atrial Fibrillation Approved Drugs

    These are drugs that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), meaning they have been determined to be safe and effective for use in Atrial Fibrillation.

    Found 12 Approved Drugs for Atrial Fibrillation


    Generic Name


    Brand Names
    Eliquis 30-Day, Eliquis


    Generic Name
    Dabigatran Etexilate


    Brand Names
    CALAN, Verapamil HCI, Trandolapril, Verelan


    Generic Name
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