What is the definition of Birdshot Chorioretinopathy?
Birdshot chorioretinopathy is an eye condition in which painless, light-colored spots develop on the retina. These spots are scattered in a "birdshot" pattern. The effects of this condition on vision are quite variable; some individuals' vision is only mildly affected, whereas others experience a significant decline in vision, the appearance of floaters (small specks that appear in one's line of sight), night blindness, and other vision problems. Symptoms typically begin around middle age; Caucasians are affected more than individuals of other ethnicities. The cause of birdshot chorioretinopathy is currently unknown, but it is suspected to be an autoimmune disease. Treatment may include medications that aim to regulate the body's immune response.
What are the alternative names for Birdshot Chorioretinopathy?
- Multiple small, cream-colored lesions, symmetrically scattered mainly around the optic disk
- Birdshot chorioretinitis
- Birdshot retinochoroiditis
- Birdshot retinochoroidopathy
- Vitiliginous choroiditis
What are the current treatments for Birdshot Chorioretinopathy?
Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for birdshot chorioretinopathy. Because this condition is rare, there are no established guidelines for treatment. Treatment is determined based on the severity of each affected individual's symptoms. Because birdshot chorioretinopathy is suspected to be an autoimmune disease, therapies aim to regulate the body's immune response. Therapies may include corticosteroids such as prednisone (by injection or medication taken by mouth) or medications that suppress the immune system such as cyclosporine.