Learn About Cardiomyopathy

What is the definition of Cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is disease of abnormal heart muscle in which the heart muscle becomes weakened, stretched, or has another structural problem. It often contributes to the heart's inability to pump or function well.

Many people with cardiomyopathy have heart failure.

Dilated cardiomyopathy
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What are the causes of Cardiomyopathy?

There are many types of cardiomyopathy, with different causes. Some of the more common ones are:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy (also called idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy) is a condition in which the heart becomes weak and the chambers get large. As a result, the heart cannot pump enough blood out to the body. It can be caused by many medical problems.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick. This makes it harder for blood to leave the heart. This type of cardiomyopathy is most often passed down through families.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Ischemic cardiomyopathy is caused by a narrowing of the arteries that supply the heart with blood. It makes the heart walls thin so they do not pump well.
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a group of disorders. The heart chambers are unable to fill with blood because the heart muscle is stiff. The most common causes of this type of cardiomyopathy are amyloidosis and scarring of the heart from an unknown cause.
  • Peripartum cardiomyopathy occurs during pregnancy or in the first 5 months afterward.
Peripartum cardiomyopathy
What are the current treatments for Cardiomyopathy?

When possible, the cause of cardiomyopathy is treated. Medicines and lifestyle changes are often needed to treat the symptoms of heart failure, angina and abnormal heart rhythms.

Procedures or surgeries may also be used, including:

  • A defibrillator that sends an electrical pulse to stop life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms
  • A pacemaker that treats a slow heart rate or helps the heart beat in a more coordinated fashion
  • Coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery or angioplasty that may improve blood flow to the damaged or weakened heart muscle
  • Heart transplant that may be tried when all other treatments have failed

Partially and fully implantable mechanical heart pumps have been developed. These may be used for very severe cases. However, not all people need this advanced treatment.

Who are the top Cardiomyopathy Local Doctors?
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Highly rated in
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Cardiology

NYU Cardiology Associates

New York, NY 

Mark Sherrid is a Cardiologist in New York, New York. Dr. Sherrid has been practicing medicine for over 49 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Cardiomyopathy. He is also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Cardiomyopathy, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, and Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. He is board certified in Cardiovascular Disease (Cardiology) and licensed to treat patients in New York. Dr. Sherrid is currently accepting new patients.

Elite
Highly rated in
8
conditions
Cardiology

Penn Heart And Vascular Center

Philadelphia, PA 

Sharlene Day is a Cardiologist in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Day has been practicing medicine for over 27 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Cardiomyopathy. She is also highly rated in 8 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Cardiomyopathy, Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, and Sengers Syndrome. She is board certified in Cardiovascular Disease (Cardiology) and licensed to treat patients in Michigan and Pennsylvania. Dr. Day is currently accepting new patients.

 
 
 
 
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Cardiology
Heart Failure

Ashley River Tower

Charleston, SC 

D Judge is a Cardiologist and a Heart Failure doctor in Charleston, South Carolina. Dr. Judge has been practicing medicine for over 29 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Cardiomyopathy. He is also highly rated in 28 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Cardiomyopathy, Cardiac Amyloidosis, Primary Amyloidosis, and Heart Failure. He is board certified in Advanced Heart Failure And Transplant Cardiology and licensed to treat patients in Maryland and South Carolina. Dr. Judge is currently accepting new patients.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Cardiomyopathy?

The outlook depends on many different things, including:

  • Cause and type of cardiomyopathy
  • The severity of the heart problem
  • How well the condition responds to treatment

Heart failure is most often a long-term (chronic) illness. It may get worse over time. Some people develop severe heart failure. In this case, medicines, surgery, and other treatments may no longer help.

People with certain types of cardiomyopathy are at risk for dangerous heart rhythm problems.

Heart - section through the middle
Heart - front view
What are the latest Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trials?
Increasing Amyloidosis Awareness and Diagnosis Through Programmatic Imaging, Blood/Urine Testing and Pathology
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Safety and Efficacy of Drug Coated Balloon Therapy for Coronary In-stent Restenosis in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease Under the Guidance of QFR (UNIQUE-DCB-II Study)
What are the Latest Advances for Cardiomyopathy?
Impact of substrate-based ablation for ventricular tachycardia in patients with frequent appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy and dilated cardiomyopathy: Long-term experience with high-density mapping.
Cardiac stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for control of refractory ventricular tachycardia: initial UK multicentre experience.
Tired of the same old research?
Check Latest Advances
Early application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for myocarditis with shock: a case report.
What are our references for Cardiomyopathy?

Falk RH and Hershberger RE. The dilated, restrictive, and infiltrative cardiomyopathies. In: Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Tomaselli GF, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 77.

McKenna WJ, Elliott PM. Diseases of the myocardium and endocardium. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 54.

McMurray JJV, Pfeffer MA. Heart failure: management and prognosis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 53.

Rogers JG, O'Connor. CM. Heart failure: pathophysiology and diagnosis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 52.