Learn About CLN2 Disease

What is the definition of CLN2 Disease?

CLN2 disease is an inherited disorder that primarily affects the nervous system. The signs and symptoms of this condition typically begin between ages 2 and 4. The initial features usually include recurrent seizures (epilepsy) and difficulty coordinating movements (ataxia). Affected children also develop muscle twitches (myoclonus) and vision loss. CLN2 disease affects motor skills, such as sitting and walking, and speech development. This condition also causes the loss of previously acquired skills (developmental regression), intellectual disability that gradually gets worse, and behavioral problems. Individuals with this condition often require the use of a wheelchair by late childhood and typically do not survive past their teens.

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What are the causes of CLN2 Disease?

Mutations in the TPP1 gene cause CLN2 disease. The TPP1 gene provides instructions for producing an enzyme called tripeptidyl peptidase 1. This enzyme is found in cell structures called lysosomes, which digest and recycle different types of molecules. Tripeptidyl peptidase 1 breaks down protein fragments, known as peptides, into their individual building blocks (amino acids).

How prevalent is CLN2 Disease?

In the Newfoundland province of Canada, the incidence of CLN2 disease is estimated to be 9 in 100,000 births. The incidence of the condition outside of this population is unknown. More than 300 cases worldwide have been described in the scientific literature.

Is CLN2 Disease an inherited disorder?

This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive condition each carry one copy of the mutated gene, but they typically do not show signs and symptoms of the condition.

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What are the latest CLN2 Disease Clinical Trials?
Clinical and Neuropsychological Investigations in Batten Disease

Summary: This study aims to assess the natural history of Batten disease (Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis) by obtaining information about the motor, behavioral, and functional capabilities of individuals with Batten disease. This study will also refine and validate the Unified Batten Disease Rating Scale (UBDRS) as a clinical rating instrument for Batten disease.

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An Open-label Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Study of the Combination of Miglustat for the Treatment of CLN3 Disease in Patients 17 Years of Age and Older

Summary: This is an open label study in approximately 6 subjects in 2 centers to assess the safety, PK, and efficacy of the maximum tolerable dose (MTD) of oral miglustat (100 mg once daily [QD] to 200 mg 3 times daily [TID]) in subjects ≥ 17 years of age with CLN3 disease over a period of 104 weeks.

Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: November 01, 2016Published By: National Institutes of Health

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