Developmental reading disorder is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.
It is also called dyslexia.
Developmental reading disorder (DRD) or dyslexia occurs when there is a problem in areas of the brain that help interpret language. It is not caused by vision problems. The disorder is an information processing problem. It does not interfere with thinking ability. Most people with DRD have normal or above-average intelligence.
DRD may appear with other problems. These can include developmental writing disorder and developmental arithmetic disorder.
The condition often runs in families.
A person with DRD may have trouble rhyming and separating sounds that make up spoken words. These abilities affect learning to read. A child's early reading skills are based on word recognition. That involves being able to separate out the sounds in words and match them with letters and groups of letters.
People with DRD have trouble connecting the sounds of language to the letters of words. This may also create problems in understanding sentences.
True dyslexia is much broader than simply confusing or transposing letters. For example, mistaking a "b" and a "d."
In general, symptoms of DRD may include problems with:
A different approach is needed for each person with DRD. An individual education plan should be considered for each child with the condition.
The following may be recommended:
Positive reinforcement is important. Many students with learning disabilities have poor self-esteem. Psychological counseling may be helpful.
Zachary Miller is a Neurologist in San Francisco, California. Dr. Miller has been practicing medicine for over 18 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Developmental Reading Disorder. He is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Primary Progressive Aphasia, Developmental Reading Disorder, Frontotemporal Dementia, and Dementia. He is licensed to treat patients in California.
Maria Gorno-Tempini is a Neurologist in San Francisco, California. Dr. Gorno-Tempini has been practicing medicine for over 29 years and is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Developmental Reading Disorder. She is also highly rated in 15 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Developmental Reading Disorder, Primary Progressive Aphasia, Dementia, and Frontotemporal Dementia. She is licensed to treat patients in California.
Margaret Snowling is in Oxford, United Kingdom. Snowling is rated as an Elite expert by MediFind in the treatment of Developmental Reading Disorder. She is also highly rated in 2 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Developmental Reading Disorder, Auditory Processing Disorder, Syphilis, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Specialized help (called remedial instruction) can help improve reading and comprehension.
DRD may lead to:
Call your provider if your child appears to be having trouble learning to read.
Learning disorders tend to run in families. It is important to notice and recognize the warning signs. The earlier the disorder is discovered, the better the outcome.
Published Date : February 02, 2021
Published By : Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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