Noonan syndrome is a disease present from birth (congenital) that causes many parts of the body to develop abnormally. In some cases it is passed down through families (inherited).
Noonan syndrome is linked to defects in several genes. In general, certain proteins involved in growth and development become overactive as a result of these gene changes.
Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition. This means only one parent has to pass down the nonworking gene for the child to have the syndrome. However, some cases may not be inherited.
There is no specific treatment. Your provider will suggest treatment to relieve or manage symptoms. Growth hormone has been used successfully to treat short height in some people with Noonan syndrome.
The Noonan Syndrome Foundation is a place where people dealing with this condition can find information and resources.
Complications may include:
This condition may be found during early infant exams. A geneticist is often needed to diagnose Noonan syndrome.
Couples with a family history of Noonan syndrome may want to consider genetic counseling before having children.
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