Latest Advances

  • Condition: Preterm Neonates
  • Journal: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • Treatment Used: Enteral Zinc Supplementation
  • Number of Patients: 482
  • Published —
This review of the literature determined whether enteral zinc supplementation affects outcomes in preterm infants.
  • Condition: Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in Infants
  • Journal: Scientific reports
  • Treatment Used: Laser Photocoagulation and/or Intravitreal Ranibizumab Injections
  • Number of Patients: 178
  • Published —
The study compared the use of laser photocoagulation and/or intravitreal ranibizumab injections for treating retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants.
  • Condition: Preterm Infancy
  • Journal: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • Treatment Used: Individualized or Standard Diet Fortification
  • Number of Patients: 521
  • Published —
This study compared the clinical outcome of using an individualized or standard diet fortification on preterm infants to improve their growth and development.
  • Condition: Very Preterm Infants at Risk of Developing Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
  • Journal: Journal of translational medicine
  • Treatment Used: Recombinant Human Erythropoietin (rhEPO)
  • Number of Patients: 1898
  • Published —
This study evaluated the effect of early prophylactic low-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (hormone that stimulates the process of red blood cell production; rhEPO) in very preterm infants at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (disease of the eye affecting prematurely born babies; ROP).
  • Condition: Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
  • Journal: Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging retina
  • Treatment Used: Laser vs Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (Anti-VEGF) Injection
  • Number of Patients: 298
  • Published —
This study compared the outcome of laser versus anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (medications that block vascular endothelial growth factor; anti-VEGF) injection in the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (disease of the eye affecting prematurely born babies; ROP).
  • Condition: Extremely Low-Birth-Weight in Infants
  • Journal: JAMA
  • Treatment Used: Liberal versus Restrictive Transfusion Thresholds
  • Number of Patients: 1013
  • Published —
In this study, researchers compared the outcomes of using liberal versus restrictive red blood cell transfusion strategies for infants born with extremely low birth weight.
  • Condition: Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) in Extremely Premature Newborn (PTNB)
  • Journal: BMC pediatrics
  • Treatment Used: Mechanical Ventilation
  • Number of Patients: 53
  • Published —
This study defined the duration under mechanical ventilation (MV) with a greater chance to develop moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in the extremely premature newborn (PTNB).
  • Condition: Retinopathy of Prematurity
  • Journal: Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging retina
  • Treatment Used: Intravitreal Bevacizumab With Laser Versus Laser Photocoagulation Alone
  • Number of Patients: 66
  • Published —
The study researched the outcomes of intravitreal Bevacizumab with laser versus laser photocoagulation alone in treating retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Condition: Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
  • Journal: Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie
  • Treatment Used: Treatment Outside International Classification of ROP (ICROP) Guidelines
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This study evaluated the incidence and clinical indications for which eyes were treated for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) outside the guidelines set by International Classification of ROP (ICROP).
  • Condition: Sepsis and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
  • Journal: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • Treatment Used: Lactoferrin
  • Number of Patients: 22942
  • Published —
In this study, researchers evaluated the outcomes of administering enteral lactoferrin supplementation for the prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants.
  • Condition: Type 1 Retinopathy of Prematurity
  • Journal: PloS one
  • Treatment Used: Intravitreal Bevacizumab Injection
  • Number of Patients: 513
  • Published —
This study tested the safety and efficacy of using an intravitreal bevacizumab injection to treat infants with type 1 retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Condition: Preterm or Low Birth Weight Infants
  • Journal: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • Treatment Used: Early Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents (ESAs)
  • Number of Patients: 0
  • Published —
This review of the literature assessed the safety and effectiveness of the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in preterm and/or low birth weight infants.
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