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Learn about our doctor expertise tiers.
If you have a rare or serious condition, you may want to seek advice from the best doctor you can find.
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Elite
  • Global leaders in their field
  • Publish in medical journals frequently
  • Speak at conferences
  • Participate in clinical trials
  • Likely to work with cutting edge treatments
  • Likely to hold leadership positions in their organization
Distinguished
  • Leaders in their field
  • Strong research portfolio
  • Likely to work with cutting edge treatments
  • Likely to be a leader in their field regionally
Advanced
  • Likely to be excellent at diagnosing and treating conditions
  • Treat many patients and have extensive experience in their field
  • Less likely to publish, speak at conferences, or participate in clinical trials
Experienced
  • Primarily treat patients
  • May be specialists or primary care physicians
  • Have great experience in diagnosing and treating conditions
  • Less likely to set themselves apart from peers by publishing, speaking at conferences, or participating in clinical trials
  • Majority of doctors fall within this rating
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2691 doctors found
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Elite

National Research Centre

Cairo, C, EG 12622

Inas Mazen practices in Cairo, Egypt. Dr. Mazen is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Swyer Syndrome, Intersex, Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome, and Gonadal Dysgenesis.

Elite

Institut Pasteur

Paris, FR 

Anu Bashamboo practices in Paris, France. Dr. Bashamboo is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Intersex, Swyer Syndrome, Penis Agenesis, and Gonadal Dysgenesis.

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Elite

Erasmus University Medical Centre

Rotterdam, ZH, NL 

Remko Hersmus practices in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Dr. Hersmus is rated as an Elite doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. They are also highly rated in 6 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Swyer Syndrome, Gonadal Dysgenesis, Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, and Intersex.

Distinguished

University Of São Paulo

Sao Paulo, SP, BR 

Berenice Mendonca practices in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Dr. Mendonca is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 43 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Intersex, Hypopituitarism, Precocious Puberty, and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.

Distinguished

Princess Máxima Center For Pediatric Oncology

Utrecht, UT, NL 3584C

Leendert Looijenga practices in Utrecht, Netherlands. Dr. Looijenga is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. They are also highly rated in 15 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Testicular Cancer, Swyer Syndrome, Malignant Teratoma of the Mediastinum, and Intersex.

Distinguished

Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Pisana

Pisa, IT 56126

Silvano Bertelloni practices in Pisa, Italy. Dr. Bertelloni is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 12 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, Intersex, Swyer Syndrome, and Leydig Cell Hypoplasia.

Distinguished

University Of Lübeck

Department Of Paediatrics And Adolescent Medicine
 
Luebeck, SH, DE 

Olaf Hiort practices in Luebeck, Germany. Dr. Hiort is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 28 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Intersex, Gonadal Dysgenesis, Swyer Syndrome, and Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome.

Distinguished

Institut Pasteur

Paris, FR 

Ken Mcelreavey practices in Paris, France. Dr. Mcelreavey is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 10 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Swyer Syndrome, Intersex, Gonadal Dysgenesis, and 46XX Testicular Disorder of Sex Development.

Distinguished

Ghent University

Ghent University Hospital, Ghent University
 
Gent, VLG, BE 

Martine Cools practices in Gent, Belgium. Dr. Cools is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 15 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Intersex, Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, and Swyer Syndrome.

Distinguished

State University Of Campinas

Campinas, SP, BR 

Andrea Guerra-Maciel practices in Campinas, Brazil. Dr. Guerra-Maciel is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 16 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Intersex, Gonadal Dysgenesis Mixed, Gonadal Dysgenesis, and Swyer Syndrome.

Distinguished

State University Of Campinas

Campinas, SP, BR 

Gil Junior-Guerra practices in Campinas, Brazil. Dr. Junior-Guerra is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 21 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Intersex, Gonadal Dysgenesis, Gonadal Dysgenesis Mixed, and Swyer Syndrome.

Distinguished

University Of São Paulo

Sao Paulo, SP, BR 

Sorahia Domenice practices in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Dr. Domenice is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. They are also highly rated in 12 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Intersex, Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, Swyer Syndrome, and Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome.

Distinguished

Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe De Rothschild And Université Paris Descartes

Paris, FR 

Raja Brauner practices in Paris, France. Dr. Brauner is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. They are also highly rated in 18 other conditions, according to our data. Their top areas of expertise are Precocious Puberty, Swyer Syndrome, Anorchia, and Penis Agenesis.

Distinguished

Murdoch Children's Research Institute

Melbourne, VIC, AU 

John Hutson practices in Melbourne, Australia. Dr. Hutson is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 25 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Undescended Testicle, Duodenal Atresia, Swyer Syndrome, and Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome.

Distinguished

Vall D'Hebron Research Institute

Barcelona, CT, ES 08035

Nuria Camats practices in Barcelona, Spain. Dr. Camats is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 5 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia, Swyer Syndrome, Intersex, and Premature Ovarian Failure.

Distinguished

University Of Lübeck

Luebeck, SH, DE 23562

Ralf Werner practices in Luebeck, Germany. Dr. Werner is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 13 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, Intersex, Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, and Swyer Syndrome.

Distinguished

Humboldt Universität Zu Berlin

Berlin, BE, DE 

Birgit Kohler practices in Berlin, Germany. Dr. Kohler is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 9 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Intersex, Swyer Syndrome, Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome, and Klinefelter Syndrome.

Distinguished

Hudson Institute Of Medical Research

Melbourne, VIC, AU 

Vincent Harley practices in Melbourne, Australia. Dr. Harley is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. He is also highly rated in 7 other conditions, according to our data. His top areas of expertise are Swyer Syndrome, Intersex, Campomelic Dysplasia, and Campomelia Cumming Type.

Distinguished

Institut Pasteur

Paris, FR 

Joelle Topalovic-Bignon practices in Paris, France. Dr. Topalovic-Bignon is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 5 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Swyer Syndrome, Intersex, Gonadal Dysgenesis, and Premature Ovarian Failure.

Distinguished

University Of Bern

Bern, CH 

Christa Fluck practices in Bern, Switzerland. Dr. Fluck is rated as a Distinguished doctor by MediFind in the treatment of Swyer Syndrome. She is also highly rated in 20 other conditions, according to our data. Her top areas of expertise are Intersex, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Ovarian Overproduction of androgens, and Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia.

Showing 1-20 of 2691

What is the definition of Swyer Syndrome?

Swyer syndrome is a condition that affects sex development. Sex development usually follows a particular path based on an individual's chromosomes; however, in Swyer syndrome, sex development is not typical for the affected individual's chromosomal pattern.

People usually have 46 chromosomes in each cell. Two of the 46 chromosomes, known as X and Y, are called sex chromosomes because they help determine whether a person will develop male or female sex characteristics. Girls and women typically have two X chromosomes (46,XX karyotype), while boys and men typically have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome (46,XY karyotype). In Swyer syndrome, individuals have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome in each cell, which is the pattern typically found in boys and men; however, they have female reproductive structures.

People with Swyer syndrome have female external genitalia and some female internal genitalia;  the uterus and fallopian tubes are normally-formed, but the gonads (ovaries or testes) are not functional. Instead, the gonads are small and underdeveloped and contain little gonadal tissue. These structures are called  streak gonads. The streak gonadal tissue is at risk of developing hard-to-detect cancers, so it is usually removed surgically. Swyer syndrome is sometimes called 46,XY complete gonadal dysgenesis; the medical term “dysgenesis” indicates that development (in this condition, development of the gonads) is reduced and not typical.

People with Swyer syndrome are usually raised as girls and have a female gender identity. Swyer syndrome may be identified before birth, at birth, or later when a child does not go through puberty as usual. Because they do not have functional ovaries that produce hormones, affected individuals often begin hormone replacement therapy during adolescence to start puberty, causing the breasts and uterus to grow, and eventually leading to menstruation. Hormone replacement therapy also stimulates bone development and helps reduce the risk of abnormally low bone density (osteopenia and osteoporosis). Women with Swyer syndrome do not produce eggs (ova), but they may be able to become pregnant with a donated egg or embryo.

Behind the List

MediFind is the industry authority on identifying the leading medical experts and latest research in order to help patients facing complex health challenges, including , make better health decisions. Leveraging our expertise in natural language processing and machine learning across thousands of diseases, we uncover physicians who are leading authorities on . MediFind identifies these experts using proprietary world-class models that assess over 2.5 million global doctors based on a range of variables, including research leadership, patient volume, peer standing, and connectedness to other experts. Learn more about our methodology by exploring how MediFind works.