What is the definition of Transient Tic Disorder?

Provisional (transient) tic disorder is a condition in which a person makes one or many brief, repeated, movements or noises (tics). These movements or noises are involuntary (not on purpose).

What are the alternative names for Transient Tic Disorder?

Tic - transient tic disorder

What are the causes for Transient Tic Disorder?

Provisional tic disorder is common in children.

The cause of provisional tic disorder can be physical or mental (psychological). It may be a mild form of Tourette syndrome.

What are the symptoms for Transient Tic Disorder?

The child may have facial tics or tics involving movement of the arms, legs, or other areas.

Tics may involve:

  • Movements that occur again and again and do not have a rhythm
  • An overwhelming urge to make the movement
  • Brief and jerky movements that include blinking, clenching the fists, jerking the arms, kicking, raising the eyebrows, sticking out the tongue.

The tics often look like nervous behavior. Tics appear to get worse with stress. They do not occur during sleep.

Sounds may also occur, such as:

  • Clicking
  • Grunting
  • Hissing
  • Moaning
  • Sniffing
  • Snorting
  • Squealing
  • Throat clearing

What are the current treatments for Transient Tic Disorder?

Providers recommend that family members do not call attention to the tics at first. This is because unwanted attention may make the tics worse. If the tics are severe enough to cause problems at school or work, behavioral techniques and medicines may help.

What is the outlook (prognosis) for Transient Tic Disorder?

Simple childhood tics usually disappear over a period of months.

What are the possible complications for Transient Tic Disorder?

There are usually no complications. A chronic motor tic disorder can develop.

When should I contact a medical professional for Transient Tic Disorder?

Talk to your child's provider if you are concerned about a transient tic disorder, especially if it continues or disrupts your child's life. If you are not sure whether the movements are a tic or a seizure, call the provider right away.

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REFERENCES

Ryan CA, Walter HJ, DeMaso DR, Walter HJ.Motor disorders and habits. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 37.

Tochen L, Singer HS. Tics and Tourette syndrome. In: Swaiman K, Ashwal S, Ferriero DM, et al, eds. Swaiman's Pediatric Neurology: Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 98.

  • Condition: Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS) due to Adrenal Pheochromocytoma
  • Journal: Medicine
  • Treatment Used: Surgery
  • Number of Patients: 1
  • Published —
This case report describes a 27-year-old male patient diagnosed with reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) due to adrenal pheochromocytoma treated with surgery and two weeks of ?-blockers and ?-blockers.
  • Condition: Tic Disorders
  • Journal: Behavior therapy
  • Treatment Used: Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tic Disorders
  • Number of Patients: 15
  • Published —
In this study, researchers evaluated the outcomes of using the Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tic Disorders for children under 9.
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Phase: Early Phase 1
  • Intervention Type: Drug, Behavioral
  • Participants: 10
  • Start Date: March 2021
D-cycloserine Augmented Treatment: Enhancing Extinction Learning in Youth With Tic Disorders
Clinical Trial
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Phase: N/A
  • Intervention Type: Other
  • Participants: 20
  • Start Date: January 12, 2021
A Handwriting Intervention Program for Children With Tic Disorders.