Learn About Transient Tic Disorder

What is the definition of Transient Tic Disorder?

Provisional (transient) tic disorder is a condition in which a person makes one or many brief, repeated, movements or noises (tics). These movements or noises are involuntary (not on purpose).

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What are the alternative names for Transient Tic Disorder?

Tic - transient tic disorder

What are the causes of Transient Tic Disorder?

Provisional tic disorder is common in children.

The cause of provisional tic disorder can be physical or mental (psychological). It may be a mild form of Tourette syndrome.

What are the symptoms of Transient Tic Disorder?

The child may have facial tics or tics involving movement of the arms, legs, or other areas.

Tics may involve:

  • Movements that occur again and again and do not have a rhythm
  • An overwhelming urge to make the movement
  • Brief and jerky movements that include blinking, clenching the fists, jerking the arms, kicking, raising the eyebrows, sticking out the tongue

The tics often look like nervous behavior. Tics appear to get worse with stress. They do not occur during sleep.

Sounds may also occur, such as:

  • Clicking
  • Grunting
  • Hissing
  • Moaning
  • Sniffing
  • Snorting
  • Squealing
  • Throat clearing
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What are the current treatments for Transient Tic Disorder?

Providers recommend that family members do not call attention to the tics at first. This is because unwanted attention may make the tics worse. If the tics are severe enough to cause problems at school or work, behavioral techniques and medicines may help.

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What is the outlook (prognosis) for Transient Tic Disorder?

Simple childhood tics usually disappear over a period of months.

What are the possible complications of Transient Tic Disorder?

There are usually no complications. A chronic motor tic disorder can develop.

When should I contact a medical professional for Transient Tic Disorder?

Talk to your child's provider if you are concerned about a transient tic disorder, especially if it continues or disrupts your child's life. If you are not sure whether the movements are a tic or a seizure, call the provider right away.

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
Brain
Brain and nervous system
Brain structures
What are the latest Transient Tic Disorder Clinical Trials?
Pilot Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of TSUPPORT (a Traditional Chinese Medicine) for Adults With Tourette Syndrome
Summary: A 28-week single-arm trial to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of TSupport (a Traditional Chinese Medicine) for adults with Tourette Syndrome.
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Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) for Youth With Tics and Related Emotional Disorders
Summary: The purpose of this protocol is to examine treatment outcomes of youth receiving the Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) and better understand the predictors, moderators, mediators and/or mechanisms of change for this intervention.
What are the Latest Advances for Transient Tic Disorder?
Improved depressive symptoms in patients with refractory Gilles de la Tourette syndrome after deep brain stimulation of posteroventral globus pallidus interna.
Summary: Improved depressive symptoms in patients with refractory Gilles de la Tourette syndrome after deep brain stimulation of posteroventral globus pallidus interna.
Psychotherapy Combined with Western Medicine in the Treatment of Children with Tic Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Summary: Psychotherapy Combined with Western Medicine in the Treatment of Children with Tic Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
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Meta-Analysis: Efficacy and Tolerability of Vesicular Monoamine Transporter Type 2 Inhibitors in the Treatment of Tic Disorders.
Summary: Meta-Analysis: Efficacy and Tolerability of Vesicular Monoamine Transporter Type 2 Inhibitors in the Treatment of Tic Disorders.
Who are the sources who wrote this article ?

Published Date: January 23, 2022
Published By: Joseph V. Campellone, MD, Department of Neurology, Cooper Medical School at Rowan University, Camden, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

What are the references for this article ?

Ryan CA, Walter HJ, DeMaso DR, Walter HJ. Motor disorders and habits. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 37.

Tochen L, Singer HS. Tics and Tourette syndrome. In: Swaiman K, Ashwal S, Ferriero DM, et al, eds. Swaiman's Pediatric Neurology: Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 98.